Combined Primary Frequency Control Strategy of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator-Based Wind Turbine

Xiaoge Liu, Zhao Xu, Jian Zhao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


To ensure the proper operation of power system, some independent system operators have specified that wind power plants should be able to manipulate power output for frequency control. This article presents a combined control scheme which exploits the self-capability of permanent magnet synchronous generator-based wind turbine to provide primary frequency response. Under normal condition, the wind turbine operates in de-loading mode to obtain the power reserve. Once frequency deviation is detected, the proposed control strategy can not only make use of the power reserve for frequency regulation by adjusting the rotor speed, but utilize the kinetic energy in rotor to provide frequency response as well. Besides, the energy stored in DC capacitor is also employed for frequency support. The simulation results reveal that the wind turbines with the proposed method can improve frequency performance under both constant wind speed condition and variable wind speed condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1704-1718
Number of pages15
JournalElectric Power Components and Systems
Issue number14-15
Publication statusPublished - 14 Sept 2018


  • DC-link voltage control
  • emulated inertia control
  • permanent magnet synchronous generator
  • primary frequency control
  • rotor speed control
  • wind turbine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Combined Primary Frequency Control Strategy of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Generator-Based Wind Turbine'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this