Combined cooling heating and power systems: Sustainability assessment under uncertainties

Chao He, Quanguo Zhang, Jingzheng Ren, Zhaoling Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


This study aims at developing a multi-criteria sustainability assessment method to prioritize the alternative CCHP systems under uncertainties. An interval analytic network process (ANP) that can address the vagueness, ambiguity, and subjectivity existing in human judgments and consider the interdependences and interactions among the evaluation criteria was used to determine the weights of the criteria for sustainability assessment, and an interval analytic hierarchy process (AHP) which is a structured technique for organizing and analyzing complex decisions was also employed to quantify the relative performances of the alternative CCHP systems with respect to the soft criteria. An interval technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS) was employed to rank the alternative CCHP systems according to their sustainability. An illustrative case including five CCHP systems has been studied using the proposed method. A solid electrolyte fuel cell (SOFC) combined with a waste heat afterburning absorption refrigerator was recognized as the most sustainable scenario. In addition, the results have been further investigated through sensitivity analysis and validated by the weighted sum method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-766
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2017


  • Analytic network process (ANP)
  • Combined cooling, heating and power (CCHP)
  • Interval
  • Technique for order of preference by similarity to ideal solution (TOPSIS)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Pollution
  • Energy(all)
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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