Collisions Are Preferred: RFID-Based Stocktaking with a High Missing Rate

Weiping Zhu, Xing Meng, Xiaolei Peng, Jiannong Cao, Michel Raynal

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


RFID-based stocktaking uses RFID technology to verify the presence of objects in a region e.g., a warehouse or a library, compared with an inventory list. The existing approaches for this purpose assume that the number of missing tags is small. This is not true in some cases. For example, for a handheld RFID reader, only the objects in a larger region (e.g., the warehouse) rather than in its interrogation region can be known as the inventory list, and hence many tags in the list are regarded as missing. The missing objects significantly increase the time required for stocktaking. In this paper, we propose an algorithm called CLS (Coarse-grained inventory list based stocktaking) to solve this problem. CLS enables multiple missing objects to hash to a single time slot and thus verifies them together. CLS also improves the existing approaches by utilizing more kinds of RFID collisions and reducing approximately one-fourth of the amount of data sent by the reader. Moreover, we observe that the missing rate constantly changes during the identification because some of tags are verified present or absent, which affects time efficiency; accordingly, we propose a hybrid stocktaking algorithm called DLS (Dynamic inventory list based stocktaking) to adapt to such changes for the first time. According to the results of extensive simulations, when the inventory list is 20 times that of actually present tags, the execution time of our approach is 36.3 percent that of the best existing algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8692578
Pages (from-to)1544-1554
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Mobile Computing
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • CLS
  • DLS
  • missing rate
  • RFID
  • stocktaking
  • time efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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