Collaborative Virtual Environment for Distant and Blended Learning in the Higher Education Setting: A Systematic Review

Chen Li, Jing Liu

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Collaborative virtual environment (CVE) is a set of technologies that enable collaborative activities in virtual scenarios while users can participate in such activities remotely via various interfaces. The unique features of CVE make it a promising tool for distant and blended learning, especially when considering the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on conventional face-to-face learning and the much-improved accessibility of the relevant technologies nowadays. This paper reports a systematic review on this emerging area and aims to answer four research questions related to the subject areas being covered, instructional and pedagogical methods, interface technology and virtual world design, and learning outcomes and effectiveness. After applying the selection criteria, a total number of 11 studies, which were published between 1 January 2017 and 31 December 2021, were included in our analysis and discussion. Our findings support the use of CVE in the higher education setting and suggest further investigating the underlying mechanism of learning in CVE, exploring the potential and unique benefits of CVE in practicing distant and blended learning, studying the roles of teachers in CVEs, and evaluating the learning effectiveness on larger samples and through longitudinal studies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationBlended Learning
Subtitle of host publicationEngaging Students in the New Normal Era - 15th International Conference, ICBL 2022, Proceedings
EditorsRichard Chen Li, Simon K. Cheung, Peter H. Ng, Leung-Pun Wong, Fu Lee Wang
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9783031089381
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2022
Event15th International Conference on Blended Learning, ICBL 2022 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 19 Jun 202222 Jun 2022

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13357 LNCS
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference15th International Conference on Blended Learning, ICBL 2022
CityVirtual, Online


  • Blended learning
  • Collaborative virtual environment
  • Distant learning
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Collaborative Virtual Environment for Distant and Blended Learning in the Higher Education Setting: A Systematic Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this