Cold-formed steel sections with web openings subjected to web crippling under two-flange loading conditions - Part I: Tests and finite element analysis

A. Uzzaman, J.B.P. Lim, D. Nash, J. Rhodes, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


The results of 82 web crippling tests are presented, with 20 tests conducted on channel sections without web openings and 62 tests conducted on channel sections with web openings. The tests consider both end-two-flange and interior-two-flange loading conditions. In the case of the tests with web openings, the hole was located directly under the concentrated load. The concentrated load was applied through bearing plates; the effect of different bearing lengths is investigated. In addition, the cases of both flanges fastened and unfastened to the support is considered. A non-linear elasto-plastic finite element model is described, and the results compared against the laboratory test results; a good agreement was obtained in terms of both strength and failure modes. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)38-48
Number of pages11
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Channel section
  • Cold-formed steel
  • Finite element analysis
  • Web crippling
  • Web hole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering

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