Cold-formed steel lipped channel columns influenced by local-distortional interaction: Strength and DSM design

Ben Young, N. Silvestre, D. Camotim

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

72 Citations (Scopus)


This paper deals with the ultimate strength and design of fixed-ended lipped channel columns experiencing local-distortional buckling mode interaction. First, the paper reports the results of an experimental investigation involving a set of 26 columns with several cross-section dimensions and yield stresses that were tested to determine their failure loads and also to provide experimental evidence of the occurrence of local-distortional mode interaction. These results consist of the column geometries, material properties, initial geometric imperfections, nonlinear equilibrium paths, and ultimate strength values. Then, after comparing the experimental column ultimate loads with the estimates provided by the current direct strength method (DSM) design curves against local and distortional failures, which clearly show that they lead to inaccurate and often very unsafe ultimate strength estimates, the paper presents and assesses the quality of DSM-based design procedures based on approaches providing nominal strengths against local-distortional and distortional-local interactive failures. Next, an in-depth comparison is made between all the experimental ultimate strength results available in the literature and their estimates provided by the preceding DSM design procedures. Finally, the paper closes with design considerations and recommendations, motivated by the conclusions drawn from this investigation. © 2013 American Society of Civil Engineers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1059-1074
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering (United States)
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Direct strength method (DSM)
  • Distortional and global slenderness
  • Fixed-ended columns
  • High-strength steel
  • Lipped channel columns
  • Local-distortional interaction
  • Mild steel
  • Ultimate strength

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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