Cold-Formed High-Strength Steel Tubular Structural Members under Combined Bending and Bearing

H.-T. Li, Ben Young

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


© 2019 American Society of Civil Engineers.This paper presents experimental and numerical investigations of cold-formed high-strength steel (CFHSS) tubular structural members under combined bending and bearing. A test program that contained 33 experiments was undertaken on square hollow sections (SHSs) and rectangular hollow sections (RHSs) with nominal yield strengths up to 900 MPa. The combined bending and bearing experiments were performed under the interior-one-flange bearing load case as per the North American Specification (NAS). Finite-element models were built and validated with the experiments; a parametric study was undertaken upon validation. The experimentally and numerically obtained results were compared with nominal resistances as per the NAS and European Code (EC3) to examine their applicability to CFHSS SHS/RHS members under combined bending and bearing. Overall, the comparisons reveal that the NAS provisions were generally conservative whereas the EC3 provisions were overly conservative. It is shown that the codified bending and bearing interaction formulas can be used for CFHSS SHS/RHS members, while more accurate predictions can be achieved using recently proposed bearing design rules.
Original languageEnglish
Article number04019081
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering (United States)
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2019


  • Bearing
  • Bending
  • Cold-formed steel
  • High-strength steel
  • Hollow section
  • Web crippling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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