Coherent feedback control of linear quantum optical systems via squeezing and phase shift

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15 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this paper is to present a theoretic and numerical study of utilizing squeezing and phase shift in coherent feedback control of linear quantum optical systems. A quadrature representation with built-in phase shifters is proposed for such systems. Fundamental structural characterizations of linear quantum optical systems are derived in terms of the new quadrature representation. These results reveal considerable insights into the issue of the physical realizability of such quantum systems. The problem of coherent quantum linear quadratic Gaussian (LQG) feedback control studied in H. I. Nurdin, M. R. James, and I. R. Petersen, Automatica, IFAC, 45 (2009), pp. 1837-1846; G. Zhang and M. R. James, IEEE Trans. Automat. Control, 56 (2011), pp. 1535-1550 is reinvestigated in depth. First, the optimization methods in these papers are extended to a multistep optimization algorithm which utilizes ideal squeezers. Second, a two-stage optimization approach is proposed on the basis of controller parametrization. Numerical studies show that closed-loop systems designed via the second approach may offer LQG control performance even better than that when the closed-loop systems are in the vacuum state. When ideal squeezers in a closed-loop system are replaced by (more realistic) degenerate parametric amplifiers, a sufficient condition is derived for the asymptotic stability of the resultant new closed-loop system; the issue of performance convergence is also discussed in the LQG control setting.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2130-2150
Number of pages21
JournalSIAM Journal on Control and Optimization
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 24 Sept 2012


  • Heisenberg's uncertainty sprinciple
  • Linear quadratic Gaussian control
  • Optimization
  • Phase shift
  • Quantum optics
  • Squeezing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Optimization
  • Applied Mathematics


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