Coaxial electrospun polyurethane core-shell nanofibers for shape memory and antibacterial nanomaterials

H. T. Zhuo, Jinlian Hu, S. J. Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A novel kind of shape memory polyurethane (SMPU) nanofibers with core-shell nanostructure is fabricated using coaxial electrospinning. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results show that nanofibers with core-shell structure or bead-on-string structure can be electrospun successfully from the core solution of polycaprolactone based SMPU (CLSMPU) and shell solution of pyridine containing polyurethane (PySMPU). In addition to the excellent shape memory effect with good shape fixity, excellent antibacterial activity against both gramnegative bacteria and gram-positive bacteria are achieved in the CLSMPU-PySMPU core-shell nanofiber. Finally, it is proposed that the antibacterial mechanism should be resulted from the PySMPU shell materials containing amido group in γ position and the high surface area per unit mass of nanofibers. Thus, the CLSMPU-PySMPU core shell nanofibers can be used as both shape memory nanomaterials and antibacterial nanomaterials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-187
Number of pages6
JournalExpress Polymer Letters
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2011

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Electrospinning
  • Nanomaterials
  • Shape memory
  • Smart polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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