Coating of Zn1-xAlxO on cotton fabric via a low temperature hydrothermal process and characterizations of the composites

Yongming Hu, Yu Wang, Haoshuang Gu, Rongxin Wang, Xiaoming Tao

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


A simple hydrothermal approach for coating of Zn1-xAlxO nanocrystals on cotton fabrics was developed. The phase, microstructures, and the ultraviolet protection properties of the samples were characterized by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and ultraviolet-visible spectrophotometry. The results showed that for 2 and 4 atom% Al-doped ZnO, a large number of small particles with diameters of 50 ~ 300 nm was obtained, which provided excellent protection from solar irradiation, and that the UV-blocking property of the fabric could be improved by increasing the Al-doping in ZnO. In addition, the cotton fabric coated with Aldoped ZnO nanoparticles showed surface-enhanced Raman scattering properties, which might have been caused by a charge-transfer resonance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)902-905
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Issue number41
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2011


  • Coating
  • Hydrothermal
  • Surface-enhanced Raman scattering
  • Textile composites
  • Ultraviolet protective factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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