Co-production versus co-creation: A process based continuum in the hotel service context

Prakash Chathoth, Levent Altinay, Robert James Harrington, Fevzi Okumus, Siu Wa Eric Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

333 Citations (Scopus)


This paper reviews the theoretical underpinnings of co-production and co-creation and discusses these service production approaches in a hotel context. Based on a synthesis of the literature, we present a co-production to co-creation matrix and offer several propositions: (1) the co-production versus co-creation concepts create a continuum rather than a dichotomy; (2) service innovation and the customisation of service production are conceived as lying somewhere between co-production and cocreation on this continuum; and (3) the key factors that define a typology of service production types (co-production, service innovation, customisation, and co-creation) include the primary value-creation driver and customer involvement/dialogue type. We further discuss the benefits for hotels of moving from co-production to co-creation on this continuum. As one of the first papers to discuss co-creation in hospitality, it contributes to the field by providing specific theoretical and practical implications for how hotel companies can move from co-production to co-creation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-20
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hospitality Management
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2013


  • Co-creation
  • Co-production
  • Experience
  • Hotels
  • Service dominant logic
  • Strategy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Strategy and Management


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