Club convergence in the energy intensity of China

Dayong Zhang, David Clive Broadstock

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

53 Citations (Scopus)


We contribute to energy policy discourse in China by demonstrating the existence of multiple energy-intensity equilibria across its provinces. Using recently developed club convergence methods, we identify three unique clubs in China, each with markedly different energy intensity profiles. Unlike in previous studies, our club groupings do not strictly adhere to common geographic separations e.g. east, west and central divisions. To better understand what commonalities/disparities lay behind their groupings, we undertake a regression of the determinants of energy intensity, in a similar vein to a number of recent studies. Doing so, we demonstrate a number of significant differences in the determinants for each of the identified clubs, given which we are able to offer a rich set of policy implications. Not all determinants are common across the three clubs, and where they are common, they can differ both in magnitude and sign, reflecting the fundamental differences across the groups.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-158
Number of pages22
JournalEnergy Journal
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • China
  • Club Convergence
  • Energy Intensity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics and Econometrics
  • General Energy


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