ClothSurface: Exploring a low-cost prototyping tool to support ideation for shape displays

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2 Citations (Scopus)


A shape-changing user interface is a type of interface that interacts with users by changing its physical form. Although researchers have been extensively studying shape-changing user interfaces, relevant research on its various design aspects—including tools and methods—remains limited. Prototyping shape-changing interfaces often requires sophisticated equipment and knowledge, which makes this sphere of design unwelcoming for designers with limited resources and technical knowledge (e.g., design students). In this study, we propose ClothSurface—a simple and low-cost prototyping tool to design for shape displays—and explore its use through a series of design sessions. The results reveal that ClothSurface can allow inexperienced designers to illustrate their ideas and to explore the design space of shape displays.

Original languageEnglish
Article number64
JournalMultimodal Technologies and Interaction
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019


  • Design tool
  • Prototyping
  • Shape display
  • Shape-changing interface
  • Tangible user interface

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)


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