Clinical pragmatics and theory of mind

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Theory of mind (ToM) describes the cognitive ability to attribute mental states both to one’s own mind and to the minds of others. In recent years, ToM has been credited with playing a significant role in developmental and acquired pragmatic disorders. In this way, ToM deficits have been linked to pragmatic deficits in individuals with autism spectrum disorders (e.g. Martin and McDonald, Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 311–328, 2004), emotional and behavioural disorders (e.g. Buitelaar et al., Development and Psychopathology, 11, 39–58, 1999), intellectual disability (e.g. Cornish et al., Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 49, 372–378, 2005), right-hemisphere damage (e.g. Winner et al., Brain and Language, 62, 89–106, 1998), schizophrenia (e.g. Brüne and Bodenstein, Schizophrenia Research, 75, 233–239, 2005), traumatic brain injury (e.g. McDonald and Flanagan, Neuropsychology, 18, 572–579, 2004) and neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer’s disease (e.g. Cuerva et al., Neuropsychiatry, Neuropsychology, and Behavioral Neurology, 14, 153–158, 2001). In this chapter, I examine the central role of ToM reasoning in utterance interpretation. The chapter addresses what is known about ToM development during childhood and adolescence as well as changes in ToM skills as part of the aging process. The role of ToM in developmental and acquired pragmatic disorders is discussed. The contribution of ToM research into pragmatic disorders is critically evaluated. Finally, several ToM theories are examined. The question is addressed of which, if any, of these theories is able to capture the pragmatic features of utterance interpretation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationPerspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy and Psychology
Pages23-56
Number of pages34
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NamePerspectives in Pragmatics, Philosophy and Psychology
Volume2
ISSN (Print)2214-3807
ISSN (Electronic)2214-3815

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Language and Linguistics

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