Circuit parameters of vertical wires above a lossy ground in PEEC models

Ya Ping Du, Xinghua Wang, Mingli Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents an investigation into circuit parameters of vertical wires over a lossy ground in partial element equivalent circuit (PEEC) models. The full-wave PEEC formulation of the vertical wires is presented, and formulas of circuit parameters for the vertical wires are derived using the Sommerfeld integral. Frequency responses of circuit parameters are discussed for both poor and good grounds, respectively. The results are validated numerically using the numerical electromagnetic code (NEC2). It is found that the lossy ground can be replaced with the weighted images in the electromagnetic analysis for the vertical wires. The lossy ground can be even replaced with the perfect conducting ground for the closely spaced vertical wires. The difference of the current and potential on the wires might not be significant if the imaginary part of ground dielectric constant is much greater than its real part. Using the perfect conducting ground can reduce computing resources significantly in the electromagnetic analysis. The complex plane method could lead to a large error if it is applied for vertical wires.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)871-879
Number of pages9
JournalIEEE Transactions on Electromagnetic Compatibility
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012


  • Circuit parameters
  • Lossy ground
  • Partial element equivalent circuit (PEEC)
  • Vertical wire

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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