Chinese adolescents’ perceptions of parenting styles of fathers and mothers

Tan Lei Shek, Holly Mackley, Joyce Graham Baltas

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Father Treated and Mother Treated subscales of the Parent Image Differential were used to assess recalled parental treatment styles of 2,150 Chinese secondary school students. Results from reliability and factor analyses showed that both scales were internally consistent, and two factors (Concern and Restrictiveness) were abstracted from each of these scales. The data on gender differences in parenting revealed significant differences, across socioeconomic classes, between paternal and maternal treatment styles, with the fathers perceived to be relatively more restrictive and showing less concern than the mothers. The data suggest that differences between paternal and maternal treatment styles exist in the Chinese context but that signs of gradual change in the differences are appearing.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-190
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Genetic Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies


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