China's Outbound Tourism as a Way of Ordering

Sze Ming Tse

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


This article reviews the development of motivational theories underpinning the study of tourism and discusses the limitations of such an approach. The actor-network theory is used to show how beliefs, politics, laws, government agencies, and pressure groups in China interact to create outbound tourism as a new way of ordering. The analysis highlights how a hitherto nontraveling culture suddenly becomes a traveling culture and how outbound tourism has been accommodated, justified, institutionalized, and allowed to flourish in China. Tourism is analyzed as a social phenomenon concerning a complex interaction of heterogeneous objects in the formation of a dynamic network and ordering of human and non-human objects.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)490-505
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of China Tourism Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011


  • China
  • Motivation
  • ordering
  • outbound tourism
  • politics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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