Children living with violence within the family and its sequel: A meta-analysis from 1995-2006

Yuk Chung Chan, Jerf Wai Keung Yeung

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

108 Citations (Scopus)


Based on 37 articles published in international refereed journals between 1995 and 2006, this meta-analytical review attempted to study the sequel of children living with family violence. It specifically attempted to identify the overall effect size of family violence on children's adjustment outcomes. Moderators that exerted their effects on the relationship were also studied. The overall effect size generated from the 353 study-level effect sizes was rather small (Zr= .201). Moderating analysis on study designs, sample sources, child developmental stages and gender did not show significant heterogeneity in effect sizes, while there was significant dispersion in effect sizes among different types of child adjustment outcomes. Results of this study are basically resonant with the meta-analyses of Kitzmann et al. [Kitzmann, K. M., Gaylord, N. K., Holt, A. R., & Kenny, E. D., (2003). Child witnesses to domestic violence: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 71, 339-352] and Wolfe et al. [Wolfe, D. A., Crooks, C. V., Lee, V., McIntyre-Smith, A., & Jaffe, P. G., (2003). The effects of children's exposure to domestic violence: A meta-analysis and critique. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6, 171-187], but add new information in that the report source of family violence was not a significant moderator, while that of child adjustment outcomes was.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-322
Number of pages10
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2009


  • Child adjustment
  • Family violence
  • Hong Kong
  • Meta-analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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