Chemical characteristics of aerosols at coastal station in Hong Kong. II. Environmental behavior of trace elements during the April 1995 to April 1996

Ka Se Lam, Z. L. Cheng, S. C. Kot, C. W. Tsang

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2 Citations (Scopus)


An one-year of sampling aerosol program was carried out during the period of April 1995 to April 1996 at coastal region, Cape D'Aguilar, in Hong Kong. The trace element composition of aerosol particles(TSP and PM10) were measured and analyzed by using the Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA) and Inductive Couple Plasma-Mass Spectrometry(ICP-MS) techniques. The results showed that the polluted elements such as: V, Zn, As, Pb, Cd, Sb, I, Se, Bi, with high enrichment factor( E. F) values, are derived from anthropogenic sources, while Sc, Al, Fe, Mn, Sm, La, Sr are less than 10 in E. F, these elements are related the crust and soil. The concentration of the trace elements are present seasonal variation i.e. summer low and winter high, whereas the V or noncrustal V(V*) present summer high and winter low, this phenomenon might be explained by local or regional oil combustion sources. Use three type of elemental ratio, e.g. La/Sm, Mn* /V* and Bi/Al indicate that both TSP and PM10of La/Sm ratios are mainly related to soil and dust, Mn* /V* are probably represent fossil combustion and Bi/Al are possibly associated with refuse incineration, ferromanganese alloys and aluminum production. The varimax rotation factor analysis for trace elements was performed. By means of the absolute principal component analysis (APCA) and multiple regression, the contribution of trace elements to possible sources and overall means of trace elements were estimated. The results showed that the present station is impacted by the anthropogenic species, although the quantities are different during the summertime and wintertime.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-221
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Environmental Sciences
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2004


  • Element ratios
  • Enhancement factor
  • Factor analysis
  • PM 10
  • Seasonal variation
  • Trace elements
  • TSP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

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