We consider the nonlinear dynamics of multiwavelength laser cavities with saturable transmitter and saturating homogeneous gain using a simple and general discrete model. Saturable transmitter is an intensity dependent loss in which the transmittance decreases when the incident optical power increases. We determine the condition under which the saturable transmitter will generate behaviors such as stable steady-state lasing states, periodic lasing states, and chaotic lasing states. Indeed, for sufficiently large power, steady-state operation is first destabilized through a Hopf bifurcation which generates periodic lasing solutions. This is followed by a sequence of period doubling bifurcations to chaotic lasing. The bifurcation structure leading to chaos is characterized by three key methods of dynamical systems: a Feigenbaum series, the calculation of Lyapunov exponents and the computation of the correlation dimension of the system. We found that even single wavelength operation can exhibit complex nonlinear dynamics if the loss element is a saturable transmitter.
- Intensity dependent loss
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering