Characterization of pore systems of air/water-cured concrete using ground penetrating radar (GPR) through continuous water injection

Wai Lok Lai, W. F. Tsang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


This paper describes a series of experiments in characterizing the pore systems of mature and hardened air-cured and water-cured concrete specimens. The characterization was achieved by measuring the real part of complex permittivity (ε′) and energy attenuation (dB/m) through continuous injection of pressurized fresh water over a period of 48 h in each test run. The measurements were based on coupling a 1 GHz Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) on the surfaces of concrete specimens. At different degrees of water saturation (Sw) received by the specimens, the air-cured and water-cured concrete specimens were characterized by recognizing different patterns depicted in the plots of ε′ vs Swand dB/m vs Sw. These differences in patterns are attributed to the pore size distributions, as a result of different curing histories.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)250-256
Number of pages7
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2008


  • Curing history of concrete
  • Ground penetrating radar
  • Pore system of concrete
  • Water

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

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