Characterization of organic functional groups, water-soluble ionic species and carbonaceous compounds in PM10 from various emission sources in Songkhla Province, Thailand

K. Thumanu, S. Pongpiachan, K. F. Ho, Shuncheng Lee, P. Sompongchaiyakul

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


PM10samples were collected at nine sampling stations using a high volume (hivol) air sampler during the period of June-November 2007. Using the ATR-FTIR technique, the chemical compositions of organic and water-soluble ionic species (WSIS) PM10aerosols from each emission source were identified. WSIS such as SO42-, NO3-, CO32-, NH4+were mainly found in PM10aerosols. The highest concentrations of NO3-, NH4+and CO32-were detected in aerosols collected from sampling sites adjacent to traffic roads. This can be explained by the heterogeneous reaction of SO2/NO2mixtures with carbon soot that lead to the highest contribution of WSIS in combustion particles from vehicle exhausts. In addition, the ratios of organic carbon/elemental carbon (OC/EC) collected at heavy traffic road, bus terminal and traffic demonstrated the lowest values of 1.677 ± 0.198, 2.329 ± 0.570 and 2.770 ± 1.234 respectively. This indicates that the fine aerosols originating from vehicular emission are fresh particles. The relative contribution of organic functional groups like organic nitrate was highly detected in aerosols collected from industrial sampling sites. This could be ascribed to the intensive use of heavy oil and wood materials during the manufacturing process of animal feed and rubber sheet drying, respectively. More important it should be noted that from biomass burning sampling sites the relatively high intensity of carbonyl bands and aliphatic hydrocarbon IR absorption band illustrated the highest values in those PM10 associated with high OC/EC ratios. In this study, the oxidation state of sulfate aerosols were detected by using X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES). The results show only S6+peak of S-K edge at 2481 eV observed in all samples.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9781845641955
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2009
Event17th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution, Air Pollution 2009 - Tallinn, Estonia
Duration: 20 Jul 200922 Jul 2009


Conference17th International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Air Pollution, Air Pollution 2009


  • Elemental carbon
  • Organic carbon
  • Organic functional group
  • Secondary organic carbon
  • Water-soluble ionic species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this