Characterization of C–S–H formed in coupled CO2–water cured Portland cement pastes

Bao Jian Zhan, Dong Xing Xuan, Chi Sun Poon, Cai Jun Shi, Shi Cong Kou

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


The coupled CO2–water curing technique has been used for curing Portland cement-based materials, enabling the cement/concrete products with rapid strength development and lower carbon footprints. However, there is still a lack of convincing understanding on the mechanism of the accelerated carbonation reactions of cement. This current work mainly focused on characterizing the C–S–H gel formed in the bulk cement paste prepared with a low water to cement ratio (w/c = 0.18) subjected to a coupled CO2–water curing regime, by using solid state 29Si NMR and infrared spectroscopy together with other common tools. The results indicated that the CO2 curing process led to the formation of C–S–H gel containing more Q2 species than that in the corresponding hydrated pastes. Prolonged CO2 curing incorporated more Al tetrahedra into the C–S–H gel. Meanwhile, both the amorphous carbonates and calcite were formed during the accelerated carbonation reactions, and the calcite crystals could serve as nuclei to accelerate the cement hydration at the early age. Excessive CO2 curing resulted in a deficiency of lime in solution, yielding a structurally modified C–S–H with the absence of interlayered Ca(OH)2, and longer silicate chains as well as a higher polymerization degree when compared to the C–S–H formed in the normally hydrated cement samples.

Original languageEnglish
Article number92
JournalMaterials and Structures/Materiaux et Constructions
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2018


  • Acceleration
  • CaCO
  • Calcium–silicate–hydrate (C–S–H)
  • CO curing
  • Spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials


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