Characterization and corrosion studies of titania-coated NiTi prepared by sol-gel technique and steam crystallization

K. Y. Chiu, M. H. Wong, F. T. Cheng, Hau Chung Man

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


Nickel titanium (NiTi) was dip-coated with titania via the sol-gel route using titanium butoxide (Ti(OC4H9)4) as precursor. The as-coated titania film was crystallized to form anatase by treatment in steam at 105 °C. The crystallized film was relatively thick (about 750 nm) and even. Atomic force microscopy (AFM) revealed that the film was dense with a surface roughness of about 3 nm, and was composed of particles of about 100 nm. X-ray diffractometry (XRD) showed that these particles were composed of nanocrystallites of a few nanometers. Nanoindentation tests of the titania film indicated that the film was tough, possibly due to the nano-size of the crystallites. The mean hardness H and elastic modulus E of the coating were about 1.5 and 70 GPa, respectively. Direct pull-off test recorded a mean coating-substrate bonding strength larger than 17 MPa. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopic (EIS) study and cyclic polarization tests showed that the corrosion resistance of the coated NiTi samples in Hanks' solution was increased by about two orders of magnitude compared with the substrate. Taken together, the present study showed that steam crystallization is a feasible low-temperature treatment method for sol-gel derived titania coating on NiTi in biomedical applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6762-6768
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Surface Science
Issue number16
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2007


  • Corrosion resistance
  • Crystallization
  • NiTi
  • Sol-gel coating
  • TiO 2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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