Characteristics and source apportionment of PM1emissions at a roadside station

Y. Cheng, S. C. Zou, S. C. Lee, J. C. Chow, K. F. Ho, J. G. Watson, Y. M. Han, R. J. Zhang, F. Zhang, P. S. Yau, Y. Huang, Y. Bai, W. J. Wu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)


The mass concentrations of PM1(particles less than 1.0μm in aerodynamic diameter), organic carbon (OC), elemental carbon (EC), water-soluble ions, and up to 25 elements were reported for 24h aerosol samples collected every sixth day at a roadside sampling station in Hong Kong from October 2004 to September 2005. Annual average PM1mass concentration was 44.5±19.5μgm-3. EC, OM (organic matter, OC×1.2), and SO4=were the dominant components, accounting for ∼36%, ∼26%, and ∼24% of PM1, respectively. Other components, i.e., NO3-, NH4+, geological material, trace elements and unidentified material, comprised the remaining ∼14%. Annual average OC/EC ratio (0.6±0.3) was low, indicating that primary vehicle exhaust was the major source of carbonaceous aerosols. The seasonal variations of pollutants were due to gas-particle partitioning processes or a change in air mass rather than secondary aerosol produced locally. Vehicle exhaust, secondary aerosols, and waste incinerator/biomass burning were dominant air pollution sources, accounting for ∼38%, ∼22% and ∼16% of PM1, respectively. Pollution episodes during summer (May-August) which were frequently accompanied by tropical storms or typhoons were dominated by vehicle emissions. During winter (November-February) pollution episodes coincided with northeasterly monsoons were characterized by secondary aerosols and incinerator/biomass burning emissions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-91
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2011


  • Chemical composition
  • PM 1
  • PMF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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