Characteristics and metal leachability of incinerated sewage sludge ash and air pollution control residues from Hong Kong evaluated by different methods

Jiang shan Li, Qiang Xue, Le Fang, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


The physicochemical, morphological and mineralogical characteristics of ISSA and APCR from Hong Kong, and the leachability and risk of heavy metals, are presented in this paper. The results showed that a low hydraulic and pozzolanic potential was associated with the ISSA and APCR due to the presence of low contents of SiO2, Al2O3and CaO and high contents of P, S and Cl (especially for APCR). Although high concentrations of Zn and Cu (especially for ISSA) followed by Ni, Pb and As, Se were detected, a low leaching rate of these metals (especially at neutral and alkaline pH) rendered them classifiable as non-hazardous according to the U.S. EPA and Chinese national regulatory limits. The leached metals concentrations from ISSA and APCR were mainly pH dependent, and metals solubilization occurred mainly at low pH. Different leaching tests should be adopted based on the simulated different environmental conditions and exposure scenarios for assessing the leachability as contrasting results could be obtained due to the differences in complexing abilities and final pH of the leaching solutions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-170
Number of pages10
JournalWaste Management
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2017


  • Air pollution control residues
  • Characterization
  • Heavy metals
  • Incinerated sewage sludge ash
  • Leachability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal

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