Changes in psychosocial and work-related characteristics among Clubhouse members: A preliminary report

Eva F.Y. Yau, Che Hin Chan, Anita S.F. Chan, Brian K.T. Chui

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


The aim of this study was to explore the changes in work-related abilities of members after attending the Clubhouse program for 12 weeks. The extent to which the changes would contribute to members' performance on simulated work tasks was also investigated. A total of 39 people with mental illnesses, primarily schizophrenia, attending Phoenix Clubhouse participated in the study. Seventeen were newly recruited members to the Clubhouse. The other 22, who served as the control group, were existing members who had been attending the Clubhouse for more than three months. All the participants were assessed by the McCarron-dial System (Observational Emotional Inventory-Revised, McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development), Cognistat, Chinese Work Personality Profile, WHO Disability Assessment Schedule and WHOQOL-Bref-HK at the baseline and 12 weeks after attending the Clubhouse program. They were required to complete a set of simulated work tasks after 12 weeks. New members showed significant improvement in emotional-coping abilities (impulsive-frustration and depression-withdrawal) and work personality (task orientation, social skills, and team work) after attending the Clubhouse program for 12 weeks. The increase in emotional-coping skills (depression-withdrawal) was found to contribute to better performance on typing tasks, whereas emotional coping (anxiety) contributed to better performance on cleansing tasks. Three months' participation in the Clubhouse program appears to have positive effects on emotional-coping abilities and work personality. The emotional-coping abilities were found to predict good performance in simulated clerical and maintenance jobs. Recommendations and suggestions for further research are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)287-296
Number of pages10
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2005


  • Clubhouse model
  • Emotional coping
  • Work ability
  • Work adjustment
  • Work personality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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