Change of images of South Korea among foreign tourists after the 2002 FIFA World Cup

Seong Seop Kim, Alastair M. Morrsion

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

225 Citations (Scopus)


This research empirically examined changes in the images of Korea over two points in time among Japanese, Mainland Chinese and US visitors to South Korea. Between October 4 and November 10, 2002, about 3-4 months after the 2002 World Cup ended, 223 tourists from Japan, 143 from Mainland China and 173 from the US completed the survey instrument. According to the results of paired t-tests, the visitors from all three countries had more positive images after than before the World Cup. The findings from the ANCOVA tests indicated that the image changes due to the World Cup were different among the three nationalities. The correspondence analyses results also showed that the image changes after the World Cup varied according to nationality, educational level, age and occupation. Collectively, the study suggests that an internationally significant event can change the image of a tourism destination in a short time period.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-247
Number of pages15
JournalTourism Management
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Destination image
  • Event
  • Image modification
  • World Cup

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Transportation
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Strategy and Management


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