Change of foot size with weightbearing: A study of 2829 children 3 to 18 years of age

Jack C.Y. Cheng, Sophie S.F. Leung, Kam Lun Leung, Xia Guo, Andy Sher, Arthur F.K. Mak

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

51 Citations (Scopus)


The change of foot length and width with age has been reported in a few anthropometric studies in the literature. However, the relation-Ship with body height rarely is reported, and the dynamic effect of weightbearing on foot size has not been documented. In this series, 2829 children 3 to 18 years of age of equal gender distribution were included in the study. The foot length and width on weightbearing and nonweightbearing were measured with a special precision electronic caliper. The foot length and width were found to increase linearly from the age of 3 years until 12 years in girls and 15 years in boys. This was followed by a phase during which the increase plateaued. The foot length and width increased significantly on weightbearing at all ages in both genders with a mean of 2.1 to 4.4 mm or 3.1% to 4.8%, respectively. The foot length and width also were found to correlate significantly with the body height in both genders, with a correlation coefficient of 0.96 to 0.98. No significant differences were found between the sizes of the dominant and nondominant foot in either gender.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Orthopaedics and Related Research
Issue number342
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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