CFD simulation of turbulent combustion and mixing processes upstream of desiccant wheel

Jianlei Niu, L. W. Chuk

Research output: Journal article publicationConference articleAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Direct gas-fired desiccant reactivation has several advantages, but several design options to enhance the mixing processes between the secondary air (SA) and the stoichiometric combustion products need to be assessed We used the numerical simulation technique to evaluate the possibilities of using a high-velocity SA jet to enhance mixing in a cylindrical combustion chamber with an excess air ratio around 28:1. The κ-ε two-equation model and three-step-reaction model are used for the turbulent reacting and mixing flow For the reaction dynamics, the eddy-break-up (EBU) model is empirically used. Four simulation cases are set up, and two major design parameters are evaluated. In view of the empirical nature of the EBU reaction dynamics model, the simulation results were used primarily for analyzing post-combustion mixing processes. The simulation results indicate that the secondary air inlet velocity and the primary air and fuel (PAF) and SA inlet configurations greatly affect the mixing rates, and the required SA velocity for quick mixing might be too high for flame stability. The simulation results help screen design options and compare alternative mixing enhancement methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-524
Number of pages8
JournalASHRAE Transactions
Volume107 PART 2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2001
Event2001 ASHRAE Annual Meeting - Cincinnati, OH, United States
Duration: 24 Jun 200127 Jun 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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