Here we describe the Cp∗Rh(iii)-catalyzed cascade arylfluorination reactions of α-diazoketoesters with arylboronic acids and N-fluorobenzenesulfonimide for one-pot C(sp 3 )-C(aryl) and C(sp 3 )-F bond formation. The arylfluorination reaction can be accomplished with remarkable chemo- and regioselectivity. Our mechanistic investigation showed that the Rh-catalyzed arylfluorination of diazoacetates occurred by (1) transmetalation of arylboronic acids to form an arylrhodium(iii) complex, (2) coupling of diazomalonates with the arylrhodium(iii) complex to form carbene-rhodium, (3) migratory carbene insertion to form a diketonato-rhodium(iii) complex-probably via rearrangement of the putative σ-alkylrhodium(iii) complex, and (4) electrophilic fluorination of the diketonato-rhodium to form the α-aryl-α-fluoromalonates.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Organic Chemistry