Carrier-Aided Dual Frequency Vectorized Tracking Architecture for NavIC Signals

Abhijit Dey, Kaushik Iyer, Bing Xu, Nitin Sharma, Li Ta Hsu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A new carrier-aided dual-frequency vectorized tracking (CA-DFVT) architecture for the Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC) is presented. CA-DFVT tracks both NavIC L5 (1176.45 MHz) and S-band (2492.028 MHz) signals concurrently. It uses the precise carrier phase measurements from the S-band signal and the unambiguous code phase measurements from the L5 signal to form a new measurement model for the extended Kalman filter (EKF) to estimate the position, velocity, and time (PVT) solutions. The new measurement model takes advantage of the benefits of the higher frequency S-band signal, i.e., less ionospheric delay and carrier phase noise, as well as the L5 signal's inherent noise mitigation capabilities. Compared to the single-frequency approach, the dual-frequency approach in CA-DFVT eliminates the ionospheric effect and minimizes other errors, resulting in better navigation solutions. The proposed CA-DFVT enhances the reliability and robustness of NavIC signal tracking and position estimation in interference and high dynamics environments. We used static and dynamic field tests to validate the performance and robustness of the proposed CA-DFVT receiver architecture. In comparison to single-frequency (L5/S-band) vector tracking, the CA-DFVT receiver demonstrated consistent signal tracking and position estimation with higher position accuracy. In the static case, the mean horizontal position accuracy of CA-DFVT improves by approximately 2-4 and 9-14 m compared to L5-only VT and S-only VT, respectively, while, in the dynamic case, it improves by approximately 2-5 and 25-42 m, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
JournalIEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022


  • Carrier phase
  • Navigation with Indian Constellation (NavIC)
  • extended Kalman filter (EKF)
  • interference
  • vector tracking (VT)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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