Carbon dioxide emission benchmarks for domestic water consumption in Hong Kong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


This study proposes a simple benchmarking model for domestic water consumption correlated with its corresponding carbon dioxide (CO2) emission. The model was tested with a survey of average water consumption in 60 apartments of Hong Kong. The results were compared with the global fresh water consumption patterns to derive the water consumption and CO2emission benchmarks for residential buildings in the region.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Low Carbon Technologies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2007


  • Carbon dioxide emissions
  • Residential buildings
  • Sustainability
  • Water consumption

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Environmental Science(all)

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