Carbon Aerogels for Environmental Clean-Up

Guoqiang Gan, Xinyong Li, Shiying Fan, Liang Wang, Meichun Qin, Zhifan Yin, Guohua Chen

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Carbon aerogels are a fascinating three-dimensional (3D) monolithic porous material with remarkable physicochemical properties, including low density, large surface area, abundant pore structure, high electrical conductivity, chemical stability, environmental compatibility, adjustable surface chemistry, as well as controllable structural features. These properties endow carbon aerogels with excellent adsorption and catalytic performance. Therefore, they are widely applied in environmental chemistry for removing pollutants like oils, toxic organic solvents, dyes, heavy metal ions in aquatic environments, and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), carbon oxides (CO2, CO), nitrogen oxide (NOx), and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in the atmosphere. In this paper, the preparation processes of carbon aerogels are fully reviewed, and their applications for environmental clean-up based on adsorption and catalytic action are thoroughly addressed. In each section, the most recent representative studies will be highlighted. Finally, the challenges, outlooks, and prospects in this emerging and promising research field will be briefly discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3126-3141
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Volume2019
Issue number27
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Environmental chemistry
  • Gels
  • Heterogeneous catalysis
  • Synthesis design

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Inorganic Chemistry

Cite this