Capacity optimization and energy dispatch strategy of hybrid energy storage system based on proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cell

Dongqi Zhao, Zhiping Xia, Meiting Guo, Qijiao He, Qidong Xu, Xi Li, Meng Ni

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The introduction of proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cells into microgrids allows renewable energy to be stored in a more stable form of hydrogen energy, which can reduce the redundancy of battery energy storage system and the abandonment of wind and photovoltaic energy. However, most studies of energy dispatch strategies for microgrids only focus on the costs without considering the long-life operation. Therefore, in this study, the proposed capacity optimization method first ensures that the optimized distributed energy capacity can meet the user demand even in the most impoverished meteorological conditions. Moreover, the optimal efficiency and operating conditions of the electrolyzer corresponding to the reference power are determined through the artificial neural network, thereby realizing efficient hydrogen production. Subsequently, the multi-objective energy dispatch strategy is analyzed and designed, considering both low-cost and long-life operations. Compared with the economical energy dispatching strategy, the multi-objective energy dispatching strategy only increases the average daily dispatching cost by 0.055 $, however, reduces the volatility indicator of the electrolyzer by 49 %, which is beneficial to the sustainable operation of the electrolyzer. Furthermore, the required electrolyzer capacity is also reduced by 17.5 % by suppressing the power fluctuation of the electrolyzer. This study can provide useful information for understanding the energy dispatch strategy in hydrogen-electric coupling microgrids.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116366
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume272
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Capacity optimization
  • Economic dispatch strategy
  • High temperature proton exchange membrane electrolyzer cell
  • Hydrogen energy
  • Long-life operation
  • Multi-objective dispatch strategy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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