Candidate Modulation Patterns Solution for Five-Phase PMSM Drive System

Senyi Liu, Chunhua Liu, Zaixin Song, Zhiping Dong, Yongcan Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Model predictive control (MPC) schemes applied in multiphase permanent magnet synchronous motors (PMSMs) should provide the precise torque output and suppress the harmonic currents at the same time. Then, the trade-off between precise torque output and harmonic currents suppression is inevitable in the finite control set MPC (FCS-MPC). To provide an alternative to this problem, this article presents a new extension strategy of FCS-MPC applied in multiphase PMSMs. The novelty of this article includes two parts. First, the control sets are extended from the candidate voltage vectors to the candidate modulation patterns. These modulation patterns consist of switching signals with specific rules. The second one is the new cost function which realizes the harmonic current suppression with the modulation patterns selection. Two groups of modulation patterns are developed to assess the performance of this structure. The first group is called 'semi-controlled modulation pattern' which could provide the precise voltage vectors in the α β subspace. The second group is called 'fundamental torque-controlled modulation pattern' which could further suppress the harmonic currents. These two groups of modulation patterns could realize the required performance with a much lower switching frequency (SW). Moreover, the parameter mismatches in the harmonic subspace caused by the uncertainties of the system and errors in the parameter values are also compensated in the proposed MPC. Finally, the comparative experiments show the performance differences between two modulation patterns and those existing controllers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1194-1208
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • High order back electromotive force (EMF)
  • multiphase machine
  • permanent magnet (PM) synchronous machine
  • space vector modulation (SVM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Transportation
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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