Cancer risk from polycyclic aromatic compounds in fine particulate matter generated from household coal combustion in Xuanwei, China

K. H. Lui, Benjamin A.Musa Bandowe, Linwei Tian, Chi Sing Chan, Jun Ji Cao, Zhi Ning, Shuncheng Lee, K. F. Ho

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

41 Citations (Scopus)


Samples were collected in Xuanwei (Yunnan Province), a region in China with a high rate of lung cancer. A sample from the community with the highest mortality contained the highest total concentration of PAHs, OPAHs and AZAs and posed the highest excess cancer risk from a lifetime of inhaling fine particulates. Positive correlations between total carbonyl-OPAHs, total AZAs and total PAHs implied that the emissions were dependent on similar factors, regardless of sample location and type. The calculated cancer risk ranged from 5.23–10.7 × 10−3, which is higher than the national average. The risk in each sample was ∼1–2 orders of magnitude higher than that deemed high risk, suggesting that the safety of these households is in jeopardy. The lack of potency equivalency factors for the PAH derivatives could possibly have underestimated the overall cancer risk.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)660-668
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2017


  • Azaarenes
  • Cancer risk
  • Coal
  • Indoor air
  • Oxygenated PAHs
  • PAHs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry

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