Cabinet Location Optimization for E-bike Battery Swapping Systems

Ziqi Li, Gangyan Xu, Yaoming Zhou

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


A new type of shared battery cabinet for e-bikes is emerging in China, enabling e-bike users to conveniently replace their low-power battery with a fully charged one outdoors. In such an e-bike battery swapping system, the location of the shared battery cabinet is crucial because it affects the system's operation and user experience. This paper solves the problem of locating the battery cabinet considering the travel habits of riders and the change of battery status in the cabinet over time. This problem is modeled as an optimization model for a p-median location problem. A genetic algorithm incorporating system simulation is proposed for solving the problem. The algorithm's performance is verified by comparing it with the results of the commercial solver on small-scale problems. Experiments on a real-world case are also conducted.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIEEE International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management, IEEM 2022
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Number of pages5
ISBN (Electronic)9781665486873
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022


  • battery swapping
  • E-bike
  • genetic algorithm
  • location problem
  • p-median

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting (miscellaneous)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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