Burden of obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study

Ali H. Mokdad, Charbel El Bcheraoui, Ashkan Afshin, Raghid Charara, Ibrahim Khalil, Maziar Moradi-Lakeh, Nicholas J. Kassebaum, Michael Collison, Farah Daoud, Kristopher J. Krohn, Adrienne Chew, Stan H. Biryukov, Leslie Cornaby, Kyle J. Foreman, Michael Kutz, Patrick Liu, Marissa Reitsma, Patrick Sur, Haidong Wang, Ben ZipkinJohan Ärnlöv, Cristiana Abbafati, Abdishakur M. Abdulle, Niveen M.E. Abu-Rmeileh, Muktar Beshir Ahmed, Ziyad Al-Aly, Khurshid Alam, Reza Alizadeh-Navaei, Ala'a Alkerwi, Khalid A. Altirkawi, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Bernhard T. Baune, Neeraj Bedi, Derrick A. Bennett, Addisu S. Beyene, Zulfiqar A. Bhutta, Mulugeta M. Birhanu, Hadi Danawi, Seyed Mohammad Fereshtehnejad, Florian Fischer, Tsegaye Tewelde Gebrehiwot, Paramjit Singh Gill, Philimon N. Gona, Vipin Gupta, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Samer Hamidi, Habtamu Abera Hareri, Masako Horino, Mohamed Hsairi, Mehdi Javanbakht, Denny John, Jost B. Jonas, Vasna Joshua, Amir Kasaeian, Ezra B. Ketema, Yousef Saleh Khader, Ejaz Ahmad Khan, Hong Lee, Daniel Kim, Yun Jin Kim, Yohannes Kinfu, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Heidi J. Larson, Paul H. Lee, Raimundas Lunevicius, Hassan Magdy Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy Abd El Razek, Reza Malekzadeh, Kedar K. Mate, Ziad A. Memish, Mubarek Abera Mengistie, George A. Mensah, Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Farshad Pourmalek, Anwar Rafay, Mostafa Qorbani, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar, Saleem M. Rana, Salman Rawaf, Andre M.N. Renzaho, Satar Rezaei, Mohammad Sadegh Rezai, Mahdi Safdarian, Mohammad Ali Sahraian, Payman Salamati, Abdallah M. Samy

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: We used the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2015 study results to explore the burden of high body mass index (BMI) in the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR). Methods: We estimated the prevalence of overweight and obesity among children (2–19 years) and adults (≥20 years) in 1980 and 2015. The burden of disease related to high BMI was calculated using the GBD comparative risk assessment approach. Results: The prevalence of obesity increased for adults from 15.1% (95% UI 13.4–16.9) in 1980 to 20.7% (95% UI 18.8–22.8) in 2015. It increased from 4.1% (95% UI 2.9–5.5) to 4.9% (95% UI 3.6–6.4) for the same period among children. In 2015, there were 417,115 deaths and 14,448,548 disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) attributable to high BMI in EMR, which constitute about 10 and 6.3% of total deaths and DALYs, respectively, for all ages. Conclusions: This is the first study to estimate trends in obesity burden for the EMR from 1980 to 2015. We call for EMR countries to invest more resources in prevention and health promotion efforts to reduce this burden.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-176
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume63
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2018

Keywords

  • Burden of disease
  • Eastern Mediterranean Region
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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