Building Up an “Elemental Property—Adsorption Energy Descriptor—Decomposition Barrier” Three-Tier Model for Screening Biatom Catalysts in Sodium–Sulfur Batteries

Ke Fan, Yiran Ying, Zezhou Lin, Yuen Hong Tsang, Haitao Huang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Developing highly efficient catalysts for the Na2S redox process and sodium polysulfide anchoring is becoming increasingly important for high-performance sodium–sulfur (Na–S) batteries. The recently emerged graphene-supported biatom catalysts (G-BACs) exhibit great potential for providing high activity in both discharging and charging processes. However, the fast screening of promising G-BACs for Na–S batteries is hindered by the formidable computational cost for calculating Na2S decomposition barriers (Eb). Herein, this work develops an “elemental property—adsorption energy descriptor—decomposition barrier” three-tier model to accelerate this process and elucidates the origin of catalytic activity. It is found that Eb during the charging process is linearly correlated with the adsorption energy difference between the initial and final states of Na2S decomposition (Ediff) for both homonuclear and heteronuclear transition metal G-BACs. This work further correlates Ediff with intrinsic properties of metal elements by machine learning approaches and unravels the most significant elemental feature to be the outer electron number. This work not only accelerates the design of highly efficient G-BACs in Na–S batteries based on the structure–activity relationship, but also provides a feasible strategy for the fast screening of catalysts for other electrochemical reactions for potential experimental design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2300871
JournalAdvanced Energy Materials
Volume13
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2023

Keywords

  • biatom catalysts
  • decomposition barriers
  • descriptors
  • sodium–sulfur batteries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Materials Science

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