Theories for the out-of-plane buckling of rings under uniform circumferential compression are well established. However these theories are not applicable to rings in column-supported bins where the circumferential stress in the ring varies significantly over the cross-section and around the circumference. This paper deals with the out-of-plane buckling of annular plate rings in column-supported bins and tanks. The stress distributions in such rings are first examined using a finite element shell analysis. A closed-form solution for the buckling of rings under non-uniform circumferential stresses is then derived. Numerical results from the closed-form solution are compared with those from a finite element shell buckling analysis, and close agreement is found. The significant effect of stress non-uniformity on the buckling predictions is demonstrated. Finally, simplified equations are given which are suitable for structural design purposes, and which closely model the predictions of the more rigorous solution.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering
- Building and Construction
- Mechanical Engineering