Broadband Ce(III)-Sensitized Quantum Cutting in Core-Shell Nanoparticles: Mechanistic Investigation and Photovoltaic Application

Tianying Sun, Xian Chen, Limin Jin, Ho Wa Li, Bing Chen, Bo Fan, Bernard Moine, Xvsheng Qiao, Xianping Fan, Sai Wing Tsang, Siu Fung Yu, Feng Wang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Quantum cutting in lanthanide-doped luminescent materials is promising for applications such as solar cells, mercury-free lamps, and plasma panel displays because of the ability to emit multiple photons for each absorbed higher-energy photon. Herein, a broadband Ce3+-sensitized quantum cutting process in Nd3+ ions is reported though gadolinium sublattice-mediated energy migration in a NaGdF4:Ce@NaGdF4:Nd@NaYF4 nanostructure. The Nd3+ ions show downconversion of one ultraviolet photon through two successive energy transitions, resulting in one visible photon and one near-infrared (NIR) photon. A class of NaGdF4:Ce@NaGdF4:Nd/Yb@NaYF4 nanoparticles is further developed to expand the spectrum of quantum cutting in the NIR. When the quantum cutting nanoparticles are incorporated into a hybrid crystalline silicon (c-Si) solar cell, a 1.2-fold increase in short-circuit current and a 1.4-fold increase in power conversion efficiency is demonstrated under short-wavelength ultraviolet irradiation. These insights should enhance our ability to control and utilize spectral downconversion with lanthanide ions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5099-5104
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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