Protein kinases comprise a large family of structurally related enzymes. A major goal in kinase-inhibitor development is to selectively engage the desired kinase while avoiding myriad off-target kinases. However, quantifying inhibitor interactions with multiple endogenous kinases in live cells remains an unmet challenge. Here, we report the design of sulfonyl fluoride probes that covalently label a broad swath of the intracellular kinome with high efficiency. Protein crystallography and mass spectrometry confirmed a chemo-selective reaction between the sulfonyl fluoride and a conserved lysine in the ATP binding site. Optimized probe 2 (XO44) covalently modified up to 133 endogenous kinases, efficiently competing with high intracellular concentrations of ATP. We employed probe 2 and label-free mass spectrometry to quantify intracellular kinase engagement by the approved drug, dasatinib. The data revealed saturable dasatinib binding to a small subset of kinase targets at clinically relevant concentrations, highlighting the utility of lysine-targeted sulfonyl fluoride probes in demanding chemoproteomic applications.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry