Bridge fires in the 21st century: A literature review

Jiayu Hu, Ricky Carvel, Asif Usmani

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Bridge failures due to fires are more common than failures due to extreme weather or earthquakes. Yet, unlike wind and earthquake loading, fire does not receive the same level of attention. Major 21st Century fire incidents involving bridges are listed and discussed. Various methods by which fire could be considered in design are reviewed and discussed. Sources of fire test data, which include only one full scale fire test to-date, are provided. It is hoped that by considering these factors, codes, standards and engineering practice could be updated to include consideration of fire in routine bridge design.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103487
JournalFire Safety Journal
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Bridge fire accidents
  • Numerical simulation
  • Performance based engineering
  • Structural response
  • Vehicle fire models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Materials Science
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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