Brevilin a, a natural sesquiterpene lactone inhibited the growth of triple-negative breast cancer cells via Akt/mTOR and STAT3 signaling pathways

Zhao Qu, Yushan Lin, Daniel Kam Wah Mok, Qingya Bian, William Chi Shing Tai (Corresponding Author), Sibao Chen (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose: Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a a breast cancer subtype characterized by a lack of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor and human epidermal growth receptor 2 and is associated with poorer prognoses when compared to other breast cancers. Thus, novel anti-cancer agents with high efficacy are urgently needed. Brevilin A (BA), a natural sesquiterpene lactone, has been reported to exhibit anti-cancer effects. However, the effects of BA on TNBC have not yet been demonstrated. In this study, we investigated the anti-TNBC effects and the underlying mechanism of BA, in vitro and in vivo. Methods: Two TNBC cell lines and a xenograft mouse model were employed to assess the effects of BA. Cell viability was detected by MTT assay. Cell cycle status and apoptosis were evaluated by flow cytometry. Cell migration was measured by wound-healing assay. Protein expression was measured by Western blotting analysis. The in vivo anti-cancer activity of BA was assessed in orthotopic tumor xenograft mice. Results: BA significantly inhibited the growth of TNBC cells in a dose-and time-dependent manner via induction of cell cycle arrest at G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis. BA also inhibited tumor cell migration. BA significantly downregulated the expression of Akt, mTOR, Stat3 and their phosphorylation, and thus inhibiting the activation of the Akt/mTOR and STAT3 signaling pathways. Furthermore, oral administration of BA at 25 or 50 mg/kg leads to significant inhibition of tumor growth and proliferation in tumor xenograft model mice. Conclusion: BA significantly inhibited the growth and migration of TNBC cells, and induced cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. These inhibitory effects were associated with the suppression of the Akt/mTOR and Stat3 signal pathways. Based on our findings, BA possesses a promising candidate for development as an anti-cancer therapeutic drug against TNBC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5363-5373
Number of pages11
JournalOncoTargets and Therapy
Volume13
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Anticancer
  • Apoptosis
  • Cancer therapy
  • Cell cycle arrest
  • Migration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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