Boundary layers and stabilization of the singular Keller-Segel system

Hongyun Peng, Zhian Wang, Kun Zhao, Changjiang Zhu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The original Keller-Segel system proposed in [23] remains poorly understood in many aspects due to the logarithmic singularity. As the chemical consumption rate is linear, the singular Keller-Segel model can be converted, via the Cole-Hopf transformation, into a system of viscous conservation laws without singularity. However the chemical diffusion rate parameter ε now plays a dual role in the transformed system by acting as the coefficients of both diffusion and nonlinear convection. In this paper, we first consider the dynamics of the transformed Keller-Segel system in a bounded interval with time-dependent Dirichlet boundary conditions. By imposing appropriate conditions on the boundary data, we show that boundary layer profiles are present as ε → 0 and large-time profiles of solutions are determined by the boundary data. We employ weighted energy estimates with the "effective viscous flux" technique to establish the uniform-in-" estimates to show the emergence of boundary layer profiles. For asymptotic dynamics of solutions, we develop a new idea by exploring the convexity of an entropy expansion to get the basic L1- estimate. We the obtain the corresponding results for the original Keller-Segel system by reversing the Cole-Hopf transformation. Numerical simulations are performed to interpret our analytical results and their implications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1085-1123
Number of pages39
JournalKinetic and Related Models
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Boundary layer
  • Chemotaxis
  • Effective viscous flux
  • Large-time behavior
  • Vanishing diffusion limit
  • Weighted energy estimates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Numerical Analysis
  • Modelling and Simulation

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