Borophene Embedded Cellulose Paper for Enhanced Photothermal Water Evaporation and Prompt Bacterial Killing

Xinwei Guan, Prashant Kumar, Zhixuan Li, Thi Kim Anh Tran, Sumit Chahal, Zhihao Lei, Chien Yu Huang, Chun Ho Lin, Jing Kai Huang, Long Hu, Yuan Chih Chang, Li Wang, Jolitta S.J. Britto, Logeshwaran Panneerselvan, Dewei Chu, Tom Wu, Ajay Karakoti, Jiabao Yi, Ajayan Vinu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Solar-driven photothermal water evaporation is considered an elegant and sustainable technology for freshwater production. The existing systems, however, often suffer from poor stability and biofouling issues, which severely hamper their prospects in practical applications. Conventionally, photothermal materials are deposited on the membrane supports via vacuum-assisted filtration or dip-coating methods. Nevertheless, the weak inherent material-membrane interactions frequently lead to poor durability, and the photothermal material layer can be easily peeled off from the hosting substrates or partially dissolved when immersed in water. In the present article, the discovery of the incorporation of borophene into cellulose nanofibers (CNF), enabling excellent environmental stability with a high light-to-heat conversion efficiency of 91.5% and water evaporation rate of 1.45 kg m−2 h−1 under simulated sunlight is reported. It is also demonstrated that borophene papers can be employed as an excellent active photothermal material for eliminating almost 100% of both gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria within 20 min under three sun irradiations. The result opens a new direction for the design of borophene-based papers with unique photothermal properties which can be used for the effective treatment of a wide range of wastewaters.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2205809
JournalAdvanced Science
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jan 2023


  • antibacterial
  • borophene
  • cellulose nanofibers
  • photothermal
  • water evaporation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
  • General Engineering
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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