Bond characteristics between ultra high modulus CFRP laminates and steel

Chao Wu, Xiaoling Zhao, Wen Hui Duan, Riadh Al-Mahaidi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

193 Citations (Scopus)


The use of high modulus CFRP laminates in strengthening steel members has the advantage of increasing the strength and stiffness of such members. In this paper, the bond characteristics between ultra high modulus (UHM) CFRP laminates with a modulus of 460 GPa and steel were studied. A series of experiments with double strap steel joints bonded with UHM CFRP laminates were conducted. Experimental results presented in this paper include failure modes, bond strength, effective bond length, CFRP strain distribution, adhesive layer shear stress distribution and bond slip relationship. Comparison was made with previous research on CFRP sheetsteel and normal modulus CFRP laminatesteel systems and different aspects of bond characteristics were discussed. Theoretical models were employed for the prediction of the specimen bond strength and effective bond length, and their applicability for UHM CFRPsteel joints was verified by comparisons with experimental results. Nonlinear finite element analysis was carried out to simulate the experimental specimens. The FEA results agreed well with those from experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-157
Number of pages11
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Bond
  • Carbon Fibre Reinforced Polymer (CFRP)
  • Steel
  • Ultra high modulus CFRP

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanical Engineering


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