Bond behavior of superelastic shape memory alloys to carbon fiber reinforced polymer composites

M. Dawood, M. W. El-Tahan, B. Zheng

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)


In this research pull-out specimens were tested to investigate the bond behavior of superelastic NiTi (Nitinol) SMA wires to carbon fiber reinforced polymers (CFRP). A total of 45 pull-out specimens were tested monotonically up to failure. The test parameters considered include the wire diameter and embedment length. A digital image correlation (DIC) system was used to identify the onset and propagation of debonding. Based on the experimental observations two debonding mechanisms were observed: complete debonding after the onset of martensitic transformation of SMA wire, and complete debonding before the onset of wire transformation. The former mechanism predominated, while the latter mechanism governed for larger diameter wires with shorter embedment lengths. A 3-D non-linear finite element model (FEM) was developed to predict the pull-out behavior. A cohesive zone model (CZM) was used to model the interface. A parametric study was conducted using the FEM to quantify the parameters of the cohesive zone model. The results demonstrate that the proposed modeling approach can be used to characterize the bond behavior of superelastic SMA wires embedded in FRP composites.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)238-247
Number of pages10
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • A. Carbon fiber
  • A. Smart materials
  • B. Debonding
  • C. Finite element analysis (FEA)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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