Body, dress and cultural exclusion : experiences of Pakistani women in ‘Global’ Hong Kong

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Underneath a veneer of racial harmony and acceptance, racial discrimination is widespread at many different levels of life in Hong Kong, the so-called ‘global city’. For decades, some minority communities have lived with subtle but institutionalized and cultural discrimination permeating their existence. In recent years, social exclusion has been one of the important themes in policy debates in Hong Kong. It is increasingly recognized that there is a close relation between ‘ethnicity’ and ‘social exclusion’. According to our research on the life situation of the South Asian minority in Hong Kong, experiences of exclusion are common. This paper focuses on investigating dress as a form of cultural exclusion among Pakistani women in Hong Kong and how mainstream society constrains the bodies of its members through dress.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)285-302
Number of pages18
JournalAsian Ethnicity
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • Cultural exclusion
  • Body
  • Dress
  • Work
  • Race
  • Ethnicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Cultural Studies


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